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Garbage segregation is a process of dividing garbage into reduce, reuse and recycle materials. We in India, see garbage in every nook and corner of the road. With new garbage segregation rules, the government is attempting to clean up our cities., The biggest challenge, however, is to get regular folks like you and me to understand the rules of segregation, how many garbage bins to use and what to dump where.

Segregation as per Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000 is now compulsory. Segregation in simple language means separation of
waste into DRY AND WET, so that it is easier to handle it later.The food we eat, the air we breathe and the water we drink are all polluted, thanks to our careless behaviour. We see heaps and piles of garbage lying on every street and the stink is unbearable! Even landfills are filling up and waste management is now a giant problem facing our nation. It is time for change and no government can bring this change without the support of the people. This garbage is polluting the soil, water and in turn coming back to us in a harmful way. The medical waste is causing a lot of harm, it is, in fact helping the diseases to spread.Garbage segregation can make our streets cleaner, it can help us recycle things, reduce the use of certain raw materials and hence in making our country and planet a better place to live in.

Understanding segregation is not so difficult. There are four types of garbage

Wet waste
Rotten fruits, vegetable and their peels, left-over food, egg shells and rotten eggs, mango seeds, tea bags, used coffee powder, coconut shell and fiber, used flowers, non-veg food remains, bones, spoiled spices, chewing gum, garden waste, rangoli colours and dust come under wet waste. Spoiled or expired food should be removed from its packet and discarded. Nails must be wrapped in a paper. Anything liquid amongst these must be drained and the remaining must be wrapped in a newspaper.

Sanitary waste
Used sanitary napkins, panty liners, sanitary cloths, condoms, syringes, cotton and bandages, diapers, tissue papers, ear buds, dental floss, blood-stained cloth, etc., is sanitary waste. This should be wrapped properly in newspapers and marked with a red cross before handing over to garbage collectors.

Dry waste
Mop stick and mop clothes should be handed over directly. Toilet cleaning brushes, other brushes, toothbrushes and scrubs must be dried first and then wrapped in newspapers. Doormats and containers of pesticides, various papers and stationery, razors and blades, various bottles should be kept separate. All the covers of various food/dairy items like tetra packs etc. must be cleaned, dried and handed over separately. Hair, waste pet food and thermocol should be wrapped in paper.

Hazardous household waste
Mosquito repellent bottles and mats, used phenyl air fresheners, expired medicines, tablet covers, syrup bottles, injection bottles and other medical discards, old paints, fluorescents and button cells should be separately handed to the collectors. Batteries, CDs and cassettes, CFL, tube lights, printer cartridges, broken clocks and thermometers should be packed in newspaper or cardboard box and handed over. Cosmetics should be wrapped in the newspaper marked with red cross on it.
To know if a waste is bio-degradable or not, ask yourself this question: if it is put into a pit and covered, will it become mud or compost?

Bio-Degradable Waste
(Organic Waste or Kitchen Waste)

  • Vegetable
  • Fruits
  • Flowers
  • Leaves from garden
  • Wood shavings, pencil shavings
Non-Bio Degradable Waste

  • Plastics
  • Paper
  • Glass
  • Metal
  • Frooti , and other tetrapacks
  • Aluminium foil

How can you segregate?

  • Start segregating the waste in your own house now.
  • Segregation is one of the easiest practice to follow, it starts in your own kitchen. The waste can be categorized as wet and dry waste.
  • Take two separate bins. One, which will have all the wet waste, and the other will have all the dry waste. Initially, begin segregation in your kitchen.  Treat all the other waste from the rest of the house as dry waste.

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